The brownbanded cockroach, Supella longipalpa is a domestic species of cockroach that can be found all over the world. In the United States, it is not very common as other cockroach species that occur in great abundance.
Morphology of the Brownbanded Cockroach
The brownbanded cockroach is similar to the German cockroach but lack strips on the pronotum. The adults of the brownbanded cockroach have two darks bands of horizontal strips on the wings. This is why the species is commonly called the brownbanded cockroach. Males can be readily distinguished from the females by their coloration. They are usually golden tan while females are darker brown. Nymphs have actually two prominent bands on the mesonotum.
Behavior and Diet of the Brownbanded Cockroach
This species occurs essentially indoor and they can be seen in bedrooms, living rooms and in closets. They usually prefer areas that are warm most of the time. More often inside homes and buildings , they are found behind pictures on the wall, in hallow legs of furniture or in clutter. The males are attracted to light and can fly, unless the female which are not capable of flying. The brownbanded cockroach prefers starchy food, although it may feed on other food sources.
Life Cycle of the Supella longipalpa
The ootheca of Supella longipalpa is small with 5 mm in length and contain about 18 embryos. It takes about 35 to 80 days for the entire development of the embryos. Female affix their ootheca on furniture or in closets and even on ceilings. Each female is capable of producing up to 600 offspring in a single year.
Distribution and Habitat of the Supella longipalpa
It is believed that the brownbanded cockroach probably originates from the tropical regions of Africa, where it is found in great abundance. This species can be found in many parts of the world. IN the united states, this species occurs indoor in warmer spots. The dissemination and infestation of the brownbanded cockroach often occurs throw the transportation of furniture with ootheca affixed to them.