With the resurgence and re-emergence of arthropod-borne diseases, vector control is to date the most efficient and straightforward way to cope with them. Insecticides have been for many years the sole mean of dealing with arthropods vectors. However, the growing cases of insecticide resistance by arthropods have lead researchers to look at new alternatives.
To such end, integrative approaches have been designed by many government agencies to tackle the problem. Integrative Pest Management ( IPM) in plants and Integrated Vector Management ( IVM) in the cases of human and animal diseases combine different approaches to address the issue in an effective and environmentally way. These integrative approaches use non chemical or chemical control methods, combining current and comprehensive information on the life cycles of arthropod vectors and their interaction with the pathogen and the environment.
IVM is based on knowledge of factors influencing local vector biology, disease transmission, and morbidity coupled with a range of interventions, often in combination and synergistically. Vector control is not the sole preserve of the health sector and government agencies, it requires the collaboration with NGOs and private agencies through community engagement. In IVM, insecticides residual spray has been shown to be very efficient to limit the mosquito population, thereby lowering the incidence of the disease.