Biting midges are small flies that feed on the blood of vertebrates. The belong to the family Ceratopogonidae. People usually to refer to them as punkies or no-see-ums because of their small size and often difficult to see. They cause strong annoyance to humans and animals but also transmit them some diseases.
Classification and Importance of Biting Midges in the World
The family Ceratopogonidae contains about 4000 described species , classified in 78 genera () About 600 species and 36 genera occur in North America.
Biting Midges and Disease Transmission
Beside the pain associated with their bites, biting midges are vectors of several human and animal diseases. The most important diseases include Oropouche fever in humans, epizootic hemorrhagic disease and bluetongue disease. See all biting midge-borne diseases.