Bed bugs problems are among the most common issues faced by home owners and tenants worldwide. Bed bugs have been a major public health concern for centuries.They are widely distributed and dispersed by people moving from one country to another in luggage furniture and other materials. Bed bugs principally cause nuisance to human because they feed on blood through human skin. Their bites cause the skin to soar and to become itchy that discomfort people.
Although bed bugs do not transmit disease, they can seriously become a nightmare for people exposed to their frequent bites. There are two main species of bed bugs that are usually associated with human habitats and source of complain.These two species include Cimex lectularius also known as the common bed bug, and Cimex hemipterus, the tropical bed bug. The common bed bug is the most widely documented in most part of the world while Cimex hemipterus is mostly confined in tropical regions.
Bed bugs belong to the family Cimicidae in the order Hemiptera. They are hemimetabolous insects, meaning that younger bed bugs differ from the adults bed bugs only in size.There are five younger stages called nymphs. Both the young and the adults feed on blood, and in some cases feeding on blood is required before they can mature to adult stage. Bed bug adults have brown color and range from 5 to 6 mm in size, while the length of the young vary from 1 to 3 mm depending on their feeding state. They reproduce very fast, typically in 4 to 6 weeks, and can quickly colonize homes, hotels, offices and other human habitations. Bed bugs are successful and persistent home pests because you barely see them due to their size and their ability to hide in cracks and crevices in houses and feed almost exclusively during night time. They can also hide in sheets, clothes, and mattresses, and under furniture. Follow this link to lean all about bed bugs.
What do bed bug bites look like?
Where do bed bugs come from?
How do bed bugs start?
How do you get bed bugs?
These tough bugs can also withstand harsh temperature, making them difficult to eradicate. Bed bugs have special mouthparts that are well suited for piercing skin and sucking blood. They are attracted by carbon dioxide exhaled by human being as well as the body heat. When they encounter a human host, they silently inject their saliva under the skin. This saliva has anesthetic and anticoagulant properties thereby suppressing any pain and allowing them to feed for longer period of time. When bed bugs bite humans, some people might not develop any reaction while other people might develop a quicker reaction with soaring skin with spots all over. Some individuals might develop allergic reaction while others are insensitive to bed bugs bites.Sometimes it becomes almost impracticable to sleep the whole night because the persistent bite of bed bugs. They tend to bite mostly on arms and shoulder. The reasons behind such preference is not clearly understood. Bed bugs problems become apparent once they established their colonies and have multiple subjects to feed upon, especially if their presence is not readily noticed or taken care of appropriately.
How to solve bed bugs problems?
Bed bugs problems may be solve easily depending on the level of infestation you have. If the infestation is low, meaning that you sporadically get bitten or if you suspect that you may be having bed bug problem, then you can try to clean your house, especially under your bed, mattress and your furniture. It may not be a good idea to just throw away all your belongings, because you don’t actually know all the place that the bed bugs are located. the best strategy is rather to focus on cleaning your stuffs. Washing your clothes with hot water may kill most of the bed bugs and their eggs that may be hiding inside.